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Motte castle, 250yds NE of Combe House

SMR Number
: 207
Grid Reference
: SO 34 63
Parish
: COMBE, HEREFORDSHIRE

Mound on S side of Hindwell Brook. Circular, c20m in diameter, rises 1.6m above ditch. (1)
Symbol for small fortress, fortified manor house or castle site, abandoned by C14. (2)
Mound is much mutilated and rises 1.6m above ditch. 1.1m deep. Has diameter of 20m across flat top ... it is perhaps a much denuded motte. (3)
A tumulus row, called Bannetts at Combe. (4)
This is not a barrow, but a ditched house platform of medieval date similar to nearby Monks Court at Eardisland within permanent pasture field, apparently unploughed. The ditch was water-filled ... to a depth of several feet in places though I doubt the dimensions are as above. There is an old depression 12m long and 1m deep in S side of mound, perhaps from past unrecorded excavation. (5)
Formerly 094. Rescheduling and description. (6) Historical references to John Combe who acted as witness to several charters concerning Presteigne in the early to mid 13th century. No direct reference to a castle at Combe but possibly indicative certainly of a settlement if not a castle there. (7) Although scheduled as a motte this earthwork has its ditch inside the bank. Its location, size and form suggest that it may be a henge monument in the centre of which a barrow has been erected. (9)
2002 AP of Combe motte (10)
Chris Musson's 2002 colour slide aerial photograph catalogue (11) (12)
Chris Musson's 2003 colour slide aerial photograph catalogue (13)

Monument Type(s)

  1. MOTTE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  2. HOUSE PLATFORM? (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD?)
  3. CASTLE? (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  4. (Alternate Type) BARROW? (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  5. (Alternate Type) HENGE? (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)

Associated Files

Sources and Further Reading

  1. <2> SHE11610 - Cartographic material: Rees. 1932. S Wales in C14. Historical Atlas of Wales.
  2. <8> SHE15403 - Article in serial: Halliwell, Peter (ed). 1997. Herefordshire Archaeological News No. 67. Woolhope Club Archaeological Research Section. 67. Pages 9.
  3. <7> SHE15420 - Serial: Anon. 1996. Herefordshire Archaeological News No. 65. Woolhope Club Archaeological Research Section. 65. Pages 34.
  4. <9> SHE16155 - Unpublished Report: Ray, K and Hoverd, T. 10/12/2004. Archaeological Reconnaissance. Surveys of Sites in Herefordshire 1999. Herefordshire Archaeology. HAR 8. 8.
  5. <10> SHE16747 - Aerial Photograph: Musson, C R. 29/07/2002. 02-MB-0044. Herefordshire Aerial Archaeological Survey 2002. Oblique. B/W.
  6. <11> SHE17338 - Aerial Photograph: Musson, C R. 29/07/2002. 02-C-0077. Herefordshire Aerial Archaeological Survey 2002. Oblique. Colour Slide.
  7. <12> SHE17339 - Aerial Photograph: Musson, C R. 29/07/2002. 02-C-0078. Herefordshire Aerial Archaeological Survey 2002. Oblique. Colour Slide.
  8. <13> SHE17435 - Aerial Photograph: Musson, C R. 12/08/2003. 03-C-1078. Herefordshire Aerial Archaeological Survey 2003. Oblique. Colour Slide.
  9. <1> SHE267 - Bibliographic reference: Royal Commission on Historical Monuments. 1934. Inventory of Monuments, Herefordshire North-West, Vol III. Herefordshire North-West, Vol III. III. Pages 33.
  10. <5> SHE3416 - Scheduling record: English Heritage. 09/1987. Schedule. Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (English Heritage).
  11. <6> SHE3486 - Scheduling record: 1995. Schedule entry. English Heritage.
  12. <3> SHE7740 - Bibliographic reference: Ordnance Survey Record Card. 1972. SO36SW3. Ordnance Survey.
  13. <4> SHE8434 - Bibliographic reference: George, R. 1914. Transactions of the Woolhope Naturalists' Field Club. 59.

Associated events

Protected status

  1. Scheduled Monument 27487: MOTTE CASTLE 300M NORTH EAST OF COMBE HOUSE

Associated Historic Landscape Character Records

  1. HHE63 - Enclosure of Common Arable Fields - Closes Dominated by Small Regular Broad Closes