Main Content Area
The Camp Earthwork, Eardisley
- SMR Number
- : 946
- Grid Reference
- : SO 2872 5200
- : EARDISLEY, HEREFORDSHIRE
Earthwork called The Camp. Nearly 2.5 miles NW of the church. Consists of circular enclosure 46yds in diameter, surrounded by a dry ditch with traces of outer bank to the south half. (1)
Reassessment of this site from recent aerial photographs suggests it is a henge. (2) (3) (6) (7) (8)
A re-appraisal of the function and date of this monument is being undertaken. Although scheduled as a ringwork presumably of medieval date. The ditch is inside the bank and the location is not easily defensible. This earthwork may represent a henge, the S side and centre of which have been modified in the later prehistoric or medieval periods. (5)
Chris Musson's 2003 colour slide aerial photograph catalogue (6)
A measured survey of the unclassified circular earthwork known as Eardisley Camp was carried out by Herefordshire Archaeology in the summer of 2002. This augmented and updated the results of large-scale surveys by the Royal Commission in the 1930s and by the Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division in 1972. It also revealed that the site has suffered little erosion since these surveys. A geophysical transect (resistivity survey) was then made under licence across the centre of the site. This appears to indicate that there is a north entrance, but the result on the southern side was more ambiguous. Further geophysical survey and site investigation is planned to test the proposition that the site may be a rare earthwork survival of a later Neolithic "henge". (10)
Survey work was undertaken in 2003. Possible interpretations of this monument include a Neolithic henge or a Roman signal station. (11)
- (Alternate Type) HENGE? (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2401 BC)
- MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- CASTLE? (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- (Alternate Type) SIGNAL STATION? (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
Sources and Further Reading
- <1>SHE267 -
Bibliographic reference: Royal Commission on Historical Monuments. 1934. Inventory of Monuments, Herefordshire North-West, Vol III. Herefordshire North-West, Vol III. III. Pages 56.
- <2>SHE13668 -
Verbal communication: Roseff, R. 1999. comment. pers comm.
- <3>SHE14612 -
Aerial Photograph: Musson, C R. 29/12/2000. 00-MB-0690. Chris Musson AP collection.
- <4>SHE13831 -
Serial: Anon. 1999. Herefordshire Archaeological News No. 70. Woolhope Club Archaeological Research Section. 70. Pages 42/49.
- <5>SHE16155 -
Unpublished Report: Ray, Keith and Tim Hoverd. 10/12/2004. Archaeological Reconnaissance. Surveys of Sites in Herefordshire 1999. Herefordshire Archaeology. 8. 8.
- <6>SHE17582 -
Aerial Photograph: Musson, C R. 30/08/2003. 03-C-1247. The Herefordshire Aerial Survey Phase I. Oblique. Colour.
- <7>SHE17012 -
Aerial Photograph: Musson, C R. 29/12/2000. 00-MB-0691. Chris Musson AP collection.
- <8>SHE17013 -
Aerial Photograph: Musson, C R. 29/12/2000. 00-MB-0692. Chris Musson AP collection.
- <9>SHE17014 -
Aerial Photograph: Musson, C R. 29/12/2000. 00-MB-0693. Chris Musson AP collection.
- <10>SHE18760 -
Article in serial: Shoesmith, Ron. 2002. Archaeology, 2002, Transactions of the Woolhope Naturalists' Field Club, Volume L 2002, Part III. 386-403. 398.
- <11>SHE18465 -
Bibliographic reference: Woolhope Naturalists' Field Club. 2003. Transactions of the Woolhope Naturalists' Field Club. Volume 51. 2003. 114.
- Scheduled Monument 85: The Camp earthwork
Associated Historic Landscape Character Records
- HHE185 -
Co-Axial Enclosure System - NW-SE Co-Axial System
Last Updated: 23/07/2010 12:35:57