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Moated Site (Possible Castle), Southwest of St Michaels Church, Breinton
- SMR Number
- : 928
- Grid Reference
- : SO 4727 3951
- : BREINTON, HEREFORDSHIRE
Ringwork protected on S side by steep river bank. Level interior, oval in plan 34m x 20m, rising 0.2-1.5m above surrounding sloping ground. Perimeter bank with entrance in N, rises 0.4m above interior. External ditch 10m wide remains on E and W sides. Holloway immediately to W leads down to former crossing of Wye (1)
Excavated 1922 but results inconclusive. 1959-62 further excavation of walled embanked enclosure was Medieval and domestic in character. Building foundations included cellared portion of main building. Entrance to enclosure on N side where remains of stone gateway discovered. Occupied c1150 abandoned in C13, although probably continued as stock enclosure. Kays suggests site may have been grange. Dean & Chapter of Hereford held land here 1201 (2)
Motte & probable bailey. A D-shaped shell keep on a ringwork against a steep river bank. Excavation has indicated internal buildings. Bailey boundary difficult to discern, but obviously associated with the Church enclosure. (6)
About 20 years ago a metal detecting club went over this site over several days. They found many coins, though these were never reported. A spindle whorl has also been found on a separate occasion in the orchard by the church. (7)
Photograph of 1922 excavation. (8)
- RINGWORK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- MOTTE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- HOUSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- CASTLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
Sources and Further Reading
- <1>SHE10174 -
Bibliographic reference: MHB. 1971. SO43NE1. Ordnance Survey.
- <2>SHE8813 -
Bibliographic reference: Heys, F G. 1963. Excavations on a Medieval Site at Breinton, Herefordshire. Transactions of the Woolhope Naturalists' Field Club. XXXVII, III.. 272-295. 37,272.
- <3>SHE9920 -
Bibliographic reference: Marshall, G. 1921. Transactions of the Woolhope Naturalists' Field Club. LXVIII.
- <4>SHE11676 -
Bibliographic reference: Royal Commission on Historical Monuments. 1932. Royal Commission on Historical Monuments. Herefordshire. II,27.
- <5>SHE3413 -
Scheduling record: 08/1983. Schedule. Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (English Heritage).
- <6>SHE12725 -
Article in serial: Stirling-Brown, R. 1988. Preliminary Results of Castle Survey. Herefordshire Archaeological News. 50, 41.
- <8>SHE16239 -
Bibliographic reference: Watkins, Alfred. 1920-1930. Photograph collection in Hereford Reference Library. unpublished photogs`.
- EHE928 -
Historic Excavations at Moated Site, Breinton (Ref: SMR Event: 928)
- Scheduled Monument 60: Moated site SW of the church
Associated Historic Landscape Character Records
- HHE483 -
Adaptation of Earlier Enclosure System - Frmr Cmmn Arable Encl with Underlying Co-Ax/Axial
Last Updated: 23/07/2010 12:35:57