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Ivington Camp

SMR Number
: 905
Grid Reference
: SO 485 547
Parish
: LEOMINSTER, HEREFORDSHIRE

SW end of ridge slopes down in all directions except NE. Area within defences c24 acres, with defences and outworks c48 acres. Strength of entrances (S one espec) and height of inner rampart (to above 20') make it notable. While rampart for much of its length has unusual feature of berm along inner scarp. Ramparts EIA type, form of entrances and berm on E side suggest a rather late date in period. Defences follow natural contours except on N half of E side where cross ridge-top - high inner rampart with outer ditch and berm here, beyond which another ditch. As defences approach N angle, narrow to form rampart while approaching S side berm subdivided into 2 ramparts with medial ditch. Remainder of E side, W side and S end defended by 2 ramparts with medial ditch, but latter end further protected by outworks of S entrance. N side appears to have been defended by inner rampart with outer ditch and parapet but 2 latter features flattened. NW angle quarried and defences destroyed. Enclosure appears to have been artificially flattened divided into 2 by crescent rampart with poss ditch on E side. 5 entrances. W and N modern, E much cut but poss not original. SE extremely elaborate. NE formed by inward turning of inner rampart and other earthworks. Possible outwork below W rampart (1)
Over 20 graves were discovered in a limestone quarry in the N corner (4)
Under crop in half of the lower part of the site on visit in 1900 (4)
Salavage recording within hillfort is recorded under HWCM 24085. (8)
Limited recording was undertaken by the archaeology section of the Woolhope Club at Ivington Camp within the main rampart.36 postholes were revealed and details of the inner ramparts construction was evident on an exposed section. A narrow pipe trench was observed with evidence of gulleys, postholes, limestone rubble and iron age artefacts. (9)
Discussion by Roger Stirling-Brown about the west apex part of the site as to whether there had been any building on this point. The remaining evidence does not give any proof of building but the position would have made a good watch or beacon point. The author also feels that the theory of Dr Stanford that the inner rampart is the bank of the early first iron Age camp, later enlarged to its present size needs some evidence to corroborate this. The author feels that it could equally be a later Dark Age or feudal build, or earlier re use of a rampart. (10)
A watching brief carried out at the site of Camp Farm in 2003 revealed no significant archaeological deposits. (11)
Chris Musson's 2003 colour slide aerial photograph catalogue (12) (13)
Chris Musson 2006 colour negative aerial photograph catalogue (14) (15) (16) (17)
Doctoral research into Iron Age salt distribution has established that the salt briquetage found at this site during the 1996 salvage excavations is highly significant. Ivington Camp had both Droitwich and Cheshire salt briquetage, placing it within a small number of identified sites nationally that have both types. Furthermore, it has more Cheshire briquetage than Droitwich, which is unlike all of the other nearby hillforts. This fact may be of significance both for trade patterns and for social associations. (18)

Monument Type(s)

  1. HILLFORT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  2. CEMETERY (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)

Associated Files

    Sources and Further Reading

    1. ---SHE2159 - Bibliographic reference: Stanford, S C (ed.). 1976. Guide to Prehistoric and Roman Sites in Herefordshire. Woolhope Naturalists' Field Club Archaeological Research Section. Pages 23-24.
    2. <1>SHE350 - Bibliographic reference: Royal Commission on Historical Monuments. 1931. Inventory of Monuments, Herefordshire South-West, Vol I. Herefordshire South-West, Vol 1. II,132.
    3. <3>SHE1245 - Aerial Photograph: 06/1964. AIX83,87. Cambridge University Aerial Photograph.
    4. <4>SHE215 - Article in serial: Anon. 1900. Fifth Field Meeting, August 30th 1900; Ivington Camp, by Gattertop and Winsley to Dinmore Manor. Transactions of the Woolhope Naturalists' Field Club. 76-81. Pages 76.
    5. <5>SHE6719 - Article in serial: Anon. 1882. Field Meeting, August 22nd 1882; Ivington Camp,. Transactions of the Woolhope Naturalists' Field Club. 210-219. Pages 210-219.
    6. <6>SHE3416 - Scheduling record: English Heritage. 09/1987. Schedule. Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (English Heritage).
    7. <7>SHE12660 - Bibliographic reference: Stanford, S C. 1991. The Archaeology of the Welsh Marches. Second (revised) edition.
    8. <8>SHE7214 - Verbal communication: Dalwood, H. 1997. Verbal communication, H Dalwood.
    9. <9>SHE15402 - Serial: Anon. 1997. Herefordshire Archaeological News No. 68. Woolhope Club Archaeological Research Section. 68. Pages 9.
    10. <10>SHE15439 - Serial: Anon. 1993. Herefordshire Archaeological News No. 60. Woolhope Club Archaeological Research Section. 60. Pages 55.
    11. <11>SHE17181 - Unpublished Report: Mayes, S. 11/2003. Camp Farm, Ivington, Herefordshire. Archaeological Monitoring.. Archaeological Investigations Ltd. 614.
    12. <12>SHE17527 - Aerial Photograph: Musson, C R. 27/07/2003. 03-C-1174. Herefordshire Aerial Archaeological Survey 2003. Oblique. Colour Slide.
    13. <13>SHE17528 - Aerial Photograph: Musson, C R. 27/07/2003. 03-C-1175. Herefordshire Aerial Archaeological Survey 2003. Oblique. Colour Slide.
    14. <14>SHE18127 - Aerial Photograph: Musson, C R. 05/04/2006. 06-CN-0622. Herefordshire Aerial Archaeological Survey 2006. Oblique. Colour Print. Digital.
    15. <15>SHE18128 - Aerial Photograph: Musson, C R. 05/04/2006. 06-CN-0623. Herefordshire Aerial Archaeological Survey 2006. Oblique. Colour Print. Digital.
    16. <16>SHE18129 - Aerial Photograph: Musson, C R. 05/04/2006. 06-CN-0624. Herefordshire Aerial Archaeological Survey 2006. Oblique. Colour Print. Digital.
    17. <17>SHE18130 - Aerial Photograph: Musson, C R. 05/04/2006. 06-CN-0625. Herefordshire Aerial Archaeological Survey 2006. Oblique. Colour Print. Digital.
    18. <18>SHE18430 - Correspondence: Kinory, Janice. 2010. Email Correspondence with the SMR.

    Associated Finds

    1. FHE3133 - BRIQUETAGE (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)

    Associated events

    Protected status

    1. Scheduled Monument 21624: IVINGTON CAMP MULTIVALLATE HILLFORT

    Associated Historic Landscape Character Records

    1. HHE283 - Small Compass Enclosure of the Landscape - Regularly Planned
    Last Updated: 23/07/2010 12:35:57