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The Mynde, Much Dewchurch

SMR Number
: 6801
Grid Reference
: SO 470 297
Parish
: MUCH DEWCHURCH, HEREFORDSHIRE

Rubble, three storey house with cellars & slate roof. It is late C15 hall house with cross wings at the N & S ends which were extended in the C16, Early in the C18 the orig building was almost entirely remodelled & the external walls recased or rebuilt. (1)
The manor of Much Dewchurch belonged to the Bodenhams until the last century, but is now attached to the Mynde....[a history of the Pye family is given]....there are but few vestiges of antiquity about the existing house, which was built in the last century, nor any special features except a noble entrance-hall. (2)
Dendrochronology dating concludes that the construction date of the house was AD1619-1635. (3)
Chris Musson's 2003 colour slide aerial photograph catalogue. (4) (5)
In 1998 in advance of proposed restoration works four samples of the external concrete render were analysed to acertain if a specific mix using "Atkinson's Cement" manufactured in North Yorkshire was used by the architect William Atkinson during works carried out in 1825. The petrographic and chemical evidence suggested that Portland cement and semi-hydraulic lime was used with an aggregate of local red sand and coarse limestone pieces. (6)
Although there has been a settlement at the Mynde since at least the end of the 13th century there are no obviously medieval traces in the present fabric of the house. Indeed it is not certain that the medieval house stood on the same site as the present one. It is just possible that the oldest surviving elements, the parallel north and south ranges, once flanked a medieval hall of unknown date, replacing medieval cross-wings in the process. This can only be pure speculation on the available evidence. At present it does seem that the "medieval" features of the house have been misinterpreted. By the early 17th century the house was clearly a large and prestigious mansion. Architecturally there are substantial remains of this period but not enough of the fabric is visible to allow a proper understanding of how the house then functioned. The most radical and architecturally perhaps the most important change to The Mynde occurred in the 18th century. The old north and south ranges appear to have been completely gutted and refloored and their north and south walls respectively, and both their east walls were rebuilt entirely in brick. At the same time a completely new hall range was added. The result was the creation of, what appeared from the east to be, a completely new red brick mansion. In 1798 there were changes to the interior and the fenestration. In 1825 further work was carried out to update the house. The internal layout was changed, primarily to increase privacy. Externally the attic storey was raised by raising the walls on the south, east and north, and the whole of their facades rendered giving the house a rather utilitarian look. (7)

Monument Type(s)

  1. HOUSE (17th Century - 1619 AD to 1635 AD) + Sci.Date
  2. MANOR HOUSE (17th Century - 1619 AD to 1635 AD) + Sci.Date

Associated Files

    Sources and Further Reading

    1. <1>SHE350 - Bibliographic reference: Royal Commission on Historical Monuments. 1931. Inventory of Monuments, Herefordshire South-West, Vol I. Herefordshire South-West, Vol 1.
    2. <2>SHE11771 - Bibliographic reference: Robinson, Rev C J. 1872. A History of the Mansions and Manors of Herefordshire.
    3. <3>SHE14275 - Unpublished Report: Nayling, Nigel. 2001. Tree-ring analysis of timbers from The Mynde, Much Dewchurch, Herefordshire. EH Centre for Archaeology Report.. English Heritage. 5/2001.
    4. <4>SHE17661 - Aerial Photograph: Musson, C R. 31/08/2003. 03-C-1302. Herefordshire Aerial Archaeological Survey 2003. Oblique. Colour Slide.
    5. <5>SHE17662 - Aerial Photograph: Musson, C R. 31/08/2003. 03-C-1303. Herefordshire Aerial Archaeological Survey 2003. Oblique. Colour Slide.
    6. <6>SHE23697 - Unpublished Report: Craig Hamilton. Mynde Park, Herefordshire, Analysis of External Render. Sandberg Consulting Engineers. 17249/C.
    7. <7>SHE17059 - Unpublished Report: Morriss, R K. 1998. Mynde Park, Herefordshire. An Architectural and Archaeological Analysis.. Mercian Heritage Series. 66.

    Associated events

    1. EHE30827 - Tree-ring analysis of timbers from The Mynde, Much Dewchurch, Herefordshire (Ref: SMR Event: 30827)
    2. EHE80183 - Mynde Park, Herefordshire, Analysis of External Render, 1998
    3. EHE80184 - Mynde Park, Herefordshire. An Architectural and Archaeological Analysis, 1998

    Protected status

    1. Listed Building (I) 155394: THE MYNDE

    Associated Historic Landscape Character Records

    1. HHE465 - Areas Retaining Historic Parkland - Areas Retaining Historic Parkland
    Last Updated: 23/07/2010 12:35:57