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Berrington Hall Gardens and Landscape Park, Eye Moreton and Ashton

SMR Number
: 5896
Grid Reference
: SO 50 63
Parish
: EYE, MORETON AND ASHTON, HEREFORDSHIRE

C18 landscape park, at most extensive 182 ha, with further outlying planting in farmland & C20 formal gardens of 0.5 ha. Hall built 1778-81 by H Holland for Thomas Harley. Capability Brown employed by Harley to landscape at same time. Work extended until at least 1782. Park retains his design. Broad belt of wood on W boundary & lesser belts on E. Scatteered mature trees in parkland. Berrington Pool, 6 ha, S of the hall part of original design. Ha-ha curving around 3 sides of hall under reconstruction 1986. Formal gardens to NE of Hall, betw Hall. kitchen garden & lodge laid out by Dobies of Chester 1900. (1)(2)(3)(4) The designed landscape at Berrington was created by Lancelot 'Capability' Brown from 1780 onwards, under the patronage of Thomas Harley, the new owner. It is one of the very best examples of Brown's late work, with his original design surviving largely unaltered. The Hall was approached by a main drive, and there were two further drives. A ha-ha divides the park from the gardens and pleasure grounds around the Hall. Flower beds and specimen trees were introduced to the lawns in the late 19th century and by 1887 there was a formal garden S of the kitchen garden. Further improvement work in the gardens is believed to have been carried out by Dobies of Chester c.1901. N of the Hall is the walled kitchen garden, with a range of brick potting sheds, now derelict. This garden was probably part of Brown's design, but maps show alterations to its internal arrangement in the 19th and 20th centuries. The park forms a rough triangle, and is grassland with specimen trees. The ground slopes away from the Hall down to the ornamental lake with its two islands, a feature created by Brown. Low earthworks which can be seen in the park provide evidence of the agricultural landscape which existed before Brown began his improvements. (8)
Park possibly contains remains of DMV and associated field systems. (9)
A watching brief revealed part of a ha-ha, which became disused sometime between 1887 and 1903, and a garden feature, probably a flower-bed, dating to the late 19th century. (10)

Monument Type(s)

  1. LANDSCAPE PARK (18th Century - 1701 AD to 1800 AD)
  2. HA HA (18th Century to 19th Century - 1701 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Files

Sources and Further Reading

Associated events

Protected status

  1. Registered Park or Garden (II*) 1870: BERRINGTON HALL

Associated Historic Landscape Character Records

  1. HHE105 - Large Compass Enclosure of the Landscape - Redefinition of Former Common Arable Fields/Meadow