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Medieval Towns

Town Quiz

True or False?

  1. A medieval town always had a castle?
  2. "Town Air Makes Free" means that the air was especially healthy due to lack of pollution?
  3. Trades people joined guilds?
  4. The king could grant a charter allowing a town to hold a fair?
  5. Every town had a wall around it?
  6. Town people had to pay rent for their burgage plots?
  7. A large Chinese community settled in Hereford during the Middle Ages?
  8. During St.Ethelbert's Fair the Bishop got the keys to the gates and was allowed to keep all the money collected in tolls?
  9. Edward I was not interested in Wales or in castle and town building?
  10. The citizens of Hereford attacked Leominster?

Click here for the answers


  • Write a letter to the king explaining why you think your settlement should be considered a town and have a charter for an annual fair.
  • Look up your own town on a 1st edition Ordnance Survey map in the library (Hereford Library has a good selection for the whole county) or the Herefordshire Record Office. Can you see burgage plots and a market place? 

Questions on the Medieval Town:

  1. List three things you might find in a medieval town.
  2. Who first started building towns in England?
  3. What is a mint?
  4. What does the saying "town air makes free" mean?
  5. Could women be involved in trade?
  6. List two services a burgher in Hereford had to perform.
  7. Did the Norman settlers have to perform the same services?
  8. Why were there Norman settlers in Hereford?
  9. What was the original name of the Mayfair?
  10. Why did the citizens of the town often argue with the Bishop and his men?
  11. List two things about Bromyard which show it was a medieval town.
  12. What is the Red Book and why is it useful to the historian?
  13. Is the Red Book a primary or a secondary source?

Medieval Street Name Quiz

Match a medieval Hereford street name from the list on the left with its modern name from the list on the right:

 1. Rodipot Way  A. Ferrers Lane
 2. Frogs Lane  B. Capuchine Lane
 3. Byhyndecot Street  C. Canal Road
 4. Serlondes Lane  D. Gaol Street
 5. Shyte Lane  E. Wye Street
 6. Pipewell Lane  F. Eastern part of Maylord Street
 7. Bye Street  G. Bewell Street
 8. Grope Lane  H. Gwynne Street
 9. Jewry Lane  I. St. John Street
 10. Milk Lane  J. Barrell Lane
 11. Moor Street  K. Commercial Street
 12. Behind-the-Wall Street  L. Church Street
 13. Cabbage Lane  M. Coronation Row
 14. Frenschemanne Lane  N. Friar Street
 15. Narrow Caboches Lane  O. East Street and West Street












Click here for the answers

These quizzes are linked to the Medieval Towns pages.

[Original author: Toria Forsyth-Moser, 2003]

Last Updated: 18/05/2010 12:32:00