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True or False?
- A medieval town always had a castle?
- "Town Air Makes Free" means that the air was especially healthy due to lack of pollution?
- Trades people joined guilds?
- The king could grant a charter allowing a town to hold a fair?
- Every town had a wall around it?
- Town people had to pay rent for their burgage plots?
- A large Chinese community settled in Hereford during the Middle Ages?
- During St.Ethelbert's Fair the Bishop got the keys to the gates and was allowed to keep all the money collected in tolls?
- Edward I was not interested in Wales or in castle and town building?
- The citizens of Hereford attacked Leominster?
Click here for the answers
- Write a letter to the king explaining why you think your settlement should be considered a town and have a charter for an annual fair.
- Look up your own town on a 1st edition Ordnance Survey map in the library (Hereford Library has a good selection for the whole county) or the Herefordshire Record Office. Can you see burgage plots and a market place?
Questions on the Medieval Town:
- List three things you might find in a medieval town.
- Who first started building towns in England?
- What is a mint?
- What does the saying "town air makes free" mean?
- Could women be involved in trade?
- List two services a burgher in Hereford had to perform.
- Did the Norman settlers have to perform the same services?
- Why were there Norman settlers in Hereford?
- What was the original name of the Mayfair?
- Why did the citizens of the town often argue with the Bishop and his men?
- List two things about Bromyard which show it was a medieval town.
- What is the Red Book and why is it useful to the historian?
- Is the Red Book a primary or a secondary source?
Medieval Street Name Quiz
Match a medieval Hereford street name from the list on the left with its modern name from the list on the right:
| 1. Rodipot Way
|| A. Ferrers Lane|
| 2. Frogs Lane
|| B. Capuchine Lane|
| 3. Byhyndecot Street
|| C. Canal Road|
| 4. Serlondes Lane
|| D. Gaol Street|
| 5. Shyte Lane
|| E. Wye Street|
| 6. Pipewell Lane
|| F. Eastern part of Maylord Street|
| 7. Bye Street
|| G. Bewell Street|
| 8. Grope Lane
|| H. Gwynne Street|
| 9. Jewry Lane
|| I. St. John Street|
| 10. Milk Lane
|| J. Barrell Lane|
| 11. Moor Street
|| K. Commercial Street|
| 12. Behind-the-Wall Street
|| L. Church Street|
| 13. Cabbage Lane
|| M. Coronation Row|
| 14. Frenschemanne Lane
|| N. Friar Street|
| 15. Narrow Caboches Lane
|| O. East Street and West Street|
Click here for the answers
These quizzes are linked to the Medieval Towns pages.
[Original author: Toria Forsyth-Moser, 2003]
Last Updated: 18/05/2010 12:32:00